Home equity: An Overview


Continue reading for a more in-depth look at the process if you are interested in using home equity as a kind of leverage but need help calculating it or putting it to use.

What Is Equity?

The amount of equity in a home may be calculated by subtracting the amount still owing on a mortgage from the property's current value. It is essential to distinguish between equity and the amount you have paid. Your home's appreciation, defined as the prospective rise in price owing to demand, inflation, or other reasons, contributes to your equity just as much as your monthly payments.

How Does Equity Work?

To illustrate, suppose you put down the minimum required deposit of $50,000 on a previously listed property for $350,000. Your mortgage balance at that time is $300,000, and your equity is $50,000.

Two years from now, assuming you made a down payment of $50,000 and are paying a 5.1% mortgage rate, you will owe the lender $254,000 after making payments totaling $96,000.

In contrast, if you receive an assessment and find out that your house is now worth $375,000 instead of $250,000, you would have $121,000 in equity ($375,000 of the total value less the $254,000 you still owe your lender).

How to Determine One's Equity

To calculate the equity in your home, you will first need to determine its current worth on the market. Consequently, the first thing you need to do to figure out your equity is to have an assessment.

If you search online, you can obtain a general sense of how much your home is worth on the market. However, it is important to remember that anything you discover will be a preliminary estimate based on current home values in your region. An appropriate selling price can only be determined via a thorough examination, which is particularly important if you have improved the home.

Be aware that the lender may arrange the appraisal for you if you are in the process of obtaining a home equity loan or refinancing, and the cost of the appraisal will be included in the expenses of completing the deal.

What Percentage Of My Home's Value Is Represented By My Equity?

After appraiser determines home's current worth, you can deduct the amount you still owe on your mortgage from the appraised value of your home to establish the amount of equity you now own in your property. This is the reverse of what the loan-to-value ratio (LTV), which is the amount of your outstanding loan debt in comparison to the worth of your home on the current market, indicates.

The value of a home fluctuates all the time because of factors such as inflation, demand in the housing market, changes in the surrounding region, renovations, and changes to the house itself. Even though the value of a home tends to increase over time, certain circumstances can cause it to decrease. These include the presence of nearby construction projects, an increase in the rate of criminal activity, or a poor idea for home improvement that you had while window shopping at Home Depot. The term "appreciation" may also be used to refer to this rise in value. Always keep this in mind whether you are considering changing your current home or acquiring a new one.

Determine the Equity of Your Home

To determine how much equity you have in your home, calculate it as follows:

  • To get an exact estimate of your home's worth on the market, you need to have it appraised by a qualified professional.
  • You can determine how much you still owe on your mortgage by looking at the remaining amount on your mortgage loan.
  • Subtract the amount still owed on the mortgage from the home's current market value.
  • By calculating your loan-to-value ratio, determine whether you are eligible for refinancing or loans. Lenders often want an LTV ratio of 80%, which equates to 20% equity on the borrower's part.



  • According to your house's current worth on the market, the proportion of your property that you currently own is called home equity.
  • To determine the amount of equity you have in your home, you will need first to determine the amount of your mortgage that is still outstanding and then have a qualified expert conduct an appraisal.
  • Your ability to borrow money increases when you have equity in your home since you can utilize it as collateral for loans. This improves your chances of being approved for the loan and allows you to borrow money at lower interest rates.
  • There are several methods to make advantage of the equity you have built up in your home to increase your borrowing capacity, the most common of which are home equity loans, home equity lines of credit, and cash-out refinancing.